Super car manufacturers have always been in pursuit to reduce weight and increase speed and stability. Although carbon fiber and other derivations have become popular in the industry, it was not like that once. They were mostly developed for use in high-end super cars and expensive track cars. Lamborghini shared the details about its 35 year history with the
in an official statement outlined the importance of development and application of lightweight carbon fiber and other composite materials. From 1983, Lamborghini launched the ‘Esperienza Materiali Compositi’ Department, known as E.Co, which developed the first carbon fiber chassis prototype called the Countach Evoluzione. The Countach became the first road car ever to employ composite materials.
In 2007, Lamborghini made a close partnership with the University of Washington. This led to the development of RTM from autoclave technology, which was a method for fabricating high-tech composite structures. This would lay the foundation for the development of the monocoque for the Aventador. Later, in 2008, Lamborghini and Boeing collaborated to study the rash behavior of composite materials and the Aventador monocoque.
Lamborghini developed the Forged Composites technology in collaboration with Boeing and Callaway in 2010. The Sesto Elemento, an ultra lightweight supercar, was born out of this technology. Lamborghini also opened a plant dedicated to the production of composite components. In 2011, Aventador LP 700-4 was unveiled by Lamborghini that used a body shell made entirely of carbon fiber. Lamborghini also decided to produce the monocoque in-house as the suppliers were limited by the unique and complex nature of the manufacturing porcess.
In 2015, Automobili Lamborghini created the Carbonskin, a new carbon fiber material with flexible matrix, suitable for versatile applications including interior of cars. The Carbonskin was also 28% lighter than Alcantara and 65% lighter than leather. Lamborghini introduced the Essenza SCV12 in 2021, the first vehicle on the market with a carbon fibre roll cage type-approved to FIA Hypercar safety requirements.
With sustainability in mind, Lamborghini is aiming to apply specialized manufacturing methods that will decrease the use of energy and valuable resources like water, as well as dramatically reduce the quantity of composite production waste.